Koilonychia, also known as “spoon-shaped” nails, is a nail abnormality where the nails become thin and concave, resembling a spoon.
Spoon nails (koilonychia) are delicate nails that look scooped out. The downturn typically is sufficiently enormous to hold a drop of fluid. Frequently, spoon nails are an indication of a lack of iron frailty or a liver condition known as hemochromatosis.
In which your body retains a lot of iron from the food you eat. Spoon nails can likewise be related to coronary illness and hypothyroidism.
This can be a sign of several underlying health conditions, including:
- Iron Deficiency Anemia: Koilonychia is often associated with iron deficiency anemia, a condition in which the body lacks enough iron to produce adequate amounts of hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body.
- Hemochromatosis: Hemochromatosis is a genetic condition that causes the body to absorb too much iron, leading to iron overload. This can also cause koilonychia.
- Hypothyroidism: Low thyroid function can cause koilonychia as well as other nail abnormalities.
- Raynaud’s Disease: A condition that causes reduced blood flow to the fingers and toes, Raynaud’s disease can cause koilonychia as well as other nail changes.
- Trauma: Nails can also become spoon-shaped due to repeated trauma or injury.
If you are experiencing koilonychia, it’s important to see a healthcare provider for an evaluation. They may recommend blood tests or other diagnostic tests to determine the underlying cause and develop a treatment plan.
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